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 What are Multi-Stakeholder Processes?

The term multi-stakeholder processes describes processes which aim to bring together all key stakeholders to communicate about (and sometimes make decisions about) a particular issue. They are based on democratic principles of transparency and participation, and aim to develop partnerships and strengthen networks among stakeholders (Hemmati 2001).

Multi-stakeholder processes can be:


  • A multi-stakeholder consultation process which aims to consult widely, and maximise opportunities for engagement. However, while stakeholders’ opinions will almost certainly influence decision-making, the final decisions are made during processes in which they are not necessarily directly involved.


  • A multi-stakeholder decision-making process in which representatives of key stakeholder groups come together in a mechanism which allows them to make decisions using democratic processes: ie. it goes beyond expressing an opinion.


  • Combining a multi-stakeholder consultation and decision making process. It is often the case that both types of processes are used together within the same project, ie. a multi-stakeholder decision-making process frequently also employs multi-stakeholder consultation processes to make its work more effective.

Benefits from multi-stakeholder processes

multistakeholder processesThe REDD+ SES Initiative put a strong emphasis on promoting a balanced participation of stakeholders potentially affected by the REDD+ or other land use strategy and action plans in the development of a Country Safeguards Approach and Safeguards Information Systems. The multi-stakeholder process should engage government, civil society, Indigenous Peoples and local communities, private sector and other relevant stakeholders in the interpretation of REDD+ safeguards to country context, the development of country-specific indicators and the review of information on how REDD+ safeguards are addressed and respected.



Using a multi-stakeholder approach to the development of CSA and SIS helps to

  • Create a platform for building consensus and trust between diverse stakeholders including women and marginalized and/or vulnerable groups
  • Enhance the quality and credibility of information on how REDD+ safeguards are addressed and respected
  • Increase transparency and accountability
  • Promote shared ownership by government and civil society

Ressources for multi-stakeholder processes

The REDD+ SES Initiative developed a series of capacity building materials and guidance on approaches to manage multi-stakeholder processes.


multistakeholder note 

  Information Note on Multi-Stakeholder processes

  This information notes presents the different types of multistakeholder processes and provides guidance on tips for organizing consultation process and establishing multi-stakeholder processes

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capacity building kit

  Training kit on REDD+ Safeguards and REDD+ SES   

  This training kit is composed of a manual, presentations, activities and summaries for REDD+ practionners to provide capacity building on REDD+ safeguards in an interactive manner.

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